Short communication: Effects of electrochemically activated drinking water on bovine milk production and composition, including chlorate, perchlorate, and fatty acid profile
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The objective of this study was to assess the effects of electrochemically activated drinking water (ECW) on milk chlorate, milk perchlorate, milk iodine, milk composition, milk fatty acid profile, and overall performance of dairy cows. Ten Red Danish cows in mid-lactation (203 ± 31 d in milk; average ± SD) were chosen from these 2 groups for intensive sampling. The treated group drank water with 4 ppm of ECW (29 mg/L of chlorate of Neuthox, Danish Clean Water A/S, Sønderborg, Denmark). The treatment lasted 60 consecutive days, with milk and water sampling on d 0, 30, and 60. Additionally, milk samples from both the control group and treated group were taken on d 90 to assess if any carry-over effect was present. Interactions between period and milk yield and somatic cell for the full group and period and milk fat content and milk urea nitrogen in the selected animals occurred. Milk yield was not significantly affected by treatments. Milk fat, milk fatty acid profile, chlorate, perchlorate, and iodine contents were not significantly different between treatments. Milk urea increased, whereas β-hydroxybutyrate and somatic cell count decreased significantly in the treated groups. Results showed that at a dosing of 4 ppm of ECW, both chlorate and perchlorate concentrations in milk (<0.002 mg/kg) were low, and no deleterious effects on milk production or milk chemical composition were observed. These data can be of use when assessing the effects of ECW on milk and milk powder chlorate and perchlorate levels and provide a context for assessing the potential for influencing human health under the conditions prevailing on a commercial dairy farm.
|Tidsskrift||Journal of Dairy Science|
|Status||Udgivet - 2020|