Investigating local policy instruments for different types of urban agriculture in four European cities: A case study analysis on the use and effectiveness of the applied policy instruments

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Over the last decades, urban agriculture (UA) and controlled environmental agriculture (CEA) have been growing in many urban areas of the world to supply fresh food locally and to provide multiple benefits for the sustainable development of urban landscapes. Municipal policies and regulatory tools are increasingly employed to support UA/CEA and minimize practical challenges. However, especially in Europe, there is a lack of systematic reviews that evaluate the impacts of city-level food policies for UA/CEA and their effectiveness as perceived by local responsible actors. To address this gap, this study presents a qualitative overview of municipal policies that affect UA/CEA. We reviewed more than 83 policy documents and manuscripts and performed an online structured survey targeting key local managers or employees of UA and innovative CEA systems in four EU cities – Barcelona (Spain), Lyon (France), Trieste and Udine (Italy). We assessed policy tools, especially for three identified types of UA (allotment gardens, community gardens and closed spaces using CEA) by mainly focusing on public and private institutions and including aspects concerning land use planning, health and environmental policies. The findings demonstrate how the four cities’ municipal governments specifically designed and combined a multiplicity of policy instruments to enable, regulate and acknowledge UA/CEA as part of the urban metabolism and landscape. The policy instruments were shaped by different local governance and institutional structures as well as by the local actors and community practitioners and their growing interest in UA/CEA.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer106695
TidsskriftLand Use Policy
Vol/bind131
Antal sider17
ISSN0264-8377
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2023

Bibliografisk note

Funding Information:
This work is part of the DECISIVE project that has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation program under grant agreement No 689229 and the FOODRUS project , grant agreement N°101000617 . We also would like to thank the valuable contribute from three anonymous reviewer who, with their meaningful suggestions, helped to greatly improve the final version of this manuscript.

Funding Information:
This work is part of the DECISIVE project that has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation program under grant agreement No 689229 and the FOODRUS project, grant agreement N°101000617. We also would like to thank the valuable contribute from three anonymous reviewer who, with their meaningful suggestions, helped to greatly improve the final version of this manuscript.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 The Authors

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