Impact of pulsed electric field intensity on the cream separation efficiency from bovine milk and physico-chemical properties of the cream

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Low-temperature (9–12 °C) pulsed electric field (PEF) was investigated in milk before cream separation at different intensities (9–27 kV/cm, 66 μs, 16–28 kJ/L) regarding its potential to render processing more sustainable, retain a high physico-chemical quality, enhance functional properties, and gently modify the structure of the milk fat globule membrane (MFGM). Cream volume per L milk were most efficiently increased by 31 % at the lowest PEF intensity in comparison to untreated milk and cream (P < 0.05). Untreated and PEF-treated milk and obtained cream were assessed with compositional (fat, protein, casein, lactose, and total solids content) and particle size distribution analyses, showing no significant differences (P ≥ 0.05) and, thus, indicating retention of ‘native-like’ product quality. Overrun and stability of cream, whipped for 20 and 60 s at 15000 rpm using a high-shear mixer, were improved most notably by the lowest and the highest PEF intensities, achieving up to 69 % enlarged overrun and up to 22 % higher stability, respectively (P < 0.05), than in untreated whipped cream. Protein component analyses for milk and cream were carried out by sodium dodecylsulphate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE). Noticeable differences between untreated and PEF-treated milk were not observed, but the SDS-PAGE results for cream showed noticeably different bands for some of the protein components, indicating structural changes in MFGM-, whey-, and phospho-proteins due to PEF and/or separator processing effects. More intense bands of xanthine oxidase, xanthine dehydrogenase, butyrophilin, bovine serum albumine, adipophilin (ADPH), and glycoproteins PAS6/7 were observed specifically at 21 kV/cm. Gentle electroporation of both MFGM layers by PEF was determined based on the changes in MFGM monolayer components, such as ADPH and PAS 6/7, exhibiting intensified bands. PEF intensity-dependent impact on the structure of MFGM and casein, leading to a reconfiguration of the cream matrix due to different structuring interactions among proteins, among milk fat globules, and between fat and protein components, was suggested. Overall, low-temperature PEF applied at different intensities showed great potential for gentle, efficient, and functional properties-tailored dairy processing and may also enable effective extraction of highly bioactive ingredients from dairy sources.

TidsskriftFood Research International
Antal sider11
StatusUdgivet - 2024

Bibliografisk note

Funding Information:
The authors declare no conflicts of interest and would like to acknowledge the support from the Danish Dairy Rationalisation Fund (DDRF) and Arla Foods as part of the platform for Novel Gentle Processing.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2024 The Authors

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