Ultrasound, microwave and enzyme-assisted multiproduct biorefinery of Ascophyllum nodosum
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This study investigated the multiproduct (fucoidans, β-glucans, proteins, carotenoids, fatty acids, amino acids and polyphenols) valorization of the invasive macroalgae Ascophyllum nodosum within a green biorefinery concept using ultrasound (US), microwave (MW) treatment followed by supercritical CO2 (SC-CO2) with co-solvent and enzymatic extraction. Water and 50% aqueous ethanol were used as green extraction solvents. The extraction methods using 50% ethanol as extraction solvent improved the yields of phenolic compounds and glucan and enhanced in vitro antioxidant activity. The characterization of SC-CO2 extracts revealed that pretreatment with US and MW improved the 2-fold yield of carotenoids, total phenolics and fatty acids. However, US/MW pretreatment and enzymatic extraction did not improve the yields of proteins and free amino acids. Overall, using concurrent green US/MW-assisted extraction methods enhanced the yields of the bioactive compounds in a short duration and provided extracts with a better antioxidant capacity in the field of food applications.
|Number of pages
|Published - 2024
© 2023 Elsevier Ltd
- Amino acid, Ascophyllum nodosum, Bioactive compounds, Biorefinery, Brown seaweed, Microwave, Supercritical CO, Ultrasound