Quantitation of α-Dicarbonyls and Advanced Glycation Endproducts in Conventional and Lactose-Hydrolyzed Ultrahigh Temperature Milk during 1 Year of Storage

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A comprehensive quantitative characterization of Maillard reaction products was carried out for conventional (CON) and lactose-hydrolyzed (LH) ultrahigh temperature (UHT) milk during storage at 20, 30, and 40 °C for 1 year. The accumulation of 3-deoxyglucosone (3-DG) and 3-deoxygalactosone (3-DGal) in LH-UHT milk ranged from 20-fold (at 20 °C) to 44-fold (at 40 °C) higher than that in CON-UHT milk. High temperature storage (40 °C) significantly accelerated the accumulation of 3-DG, 3-DGal, and 5-hydroxymethyl furfural but not the majority of the analyzed advanced glycation endproducts (AGEs). The concentrations of major AGEs including N-ϵ-carboxymethyllysine (CML), N-ϵ-carboxyethyllysine (CEL), methylglyoxal-hydroimidazolone isomers (MG-H1/H3), glyoxal-hydroimidazolone isomers (G-H1/H3), and G-H2 detected in CON milk during storage were in the range 12-700, 1-14, 8-45, 4-13, and 1-30 μM, respectively, while they were 30-570, 2-88, 17-150, 9-20, and 5-34 μM, respectively, in LH milk. Pyrraline, S-(carboxymethyl)cysteine (CMC), and glyoxal-lysine dimer were detected in lower levels, while MG-H2, methylglyoxal-lysine dimer, argpyrimidine, glyoxal-lysine-amide, glycolic acid-lysine-amide, and pentosidine were not detected in any of the milk samples. This work demonstrates for the first time that five of the analyzed AGEs (CML, CEL, MG-H1/H3, G-H1/H3, and G-H2) could be selected as markers for evaluation of the extent of the Maillard reaction in UHT milk. These results contribute to a better understanding of how Maillard reactions progress during storage of UHT milk and can be used to develop strategies to inhibit Maillard reactions in LH milk.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Issue number46
Pages (from-to)12863-12874
Publication statusPublished - 2019

    Research areas

  • 5-(hydroxymethyl)furfural, hydroimidazolone isomers, lactose-hydrolyzed UHT milk, Maillard reaction, N-ϵ-carboxyethyllysine, N-ϵ-carboxymethyllysine, pyrraline

ID: 230739523