Effect of potato fiber on survival of Lactobacillus species at simulated gastric conditions and composition of the gut microbiota in vitro
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Potato fiber is a side product in starch manufacturing rich in dietary fibers such as pectin, cellulose, hemicellulose and resistant starch. So far, the beneficial properties of potato fiber have been poorly characterized. This study investigated the effect of FiberBind 400, a commercial potato fiber product, on survival of probiotic Lactobacillus strains at simulated gastric conditions and on the composition and metabolic activity of the gut microbiota, using the TIM-2 colon model. Resistant starch and native starch from potato were used as reference substrates. FiberBind 400 had an ability to improve survival of the four tested strains, Lactobacillus fermentum PCC®, L. rhamnosus LGG®, L. reuteri RC-14® and L. paracasei F-19® in a strain-dependent way. The highest effect was observed for L. fermentum PCC® and L. rhamnosus LGG®. The effect of starches on bacterial survival was insignificant. Composition of the fecal microbiota in TIM-2 fermentations was assessed by high-throughput sequencing of 16S rRNA gene amplicon. Fermentation of FiberBind 400 resulted in more diverse microbial communities compared to starches. Changes in microbial abundances specifically mediated by FiberBind 400, included increases in the genera Lachnospira, Butyrivibrio, Mogibacterium, Parabacteroides, Prevotella and Desulfovibrio, and the species B. ovatus, as well as decreases in Ruminococcus torques and unassigned Ruminococcus spp. Shifts in other bacterial populations, such as increased abundances of Oscillospira, Enterococcus, Bacteroidales, Citrobacter, along with reduction of Roseburia, Ruminococcus, and Faecalibacterium prausnitzii were not significantly different between the substrates. Cumulative production of individual short-chain fatty acids was similar between potato fiber and starches. The study demonstrated that FiberBind 400 had a potential to protect probiotic Lactobacillus strains during the passage through the gastrointestinal tract and selectively modulate the gut bacterial populations. This knowledge can support application of potato fiber as a functional food ingredient with added biological benefits.
|Journal||Food Research International|
|Number of pages||9|
|Publication status||Published - 2019|
- Gut microbiota, Lactobacillus spp., Potato fiber, Starch, TIM-2 colon model