Local classification: locally weighted–partial least squares-discriminant analysis (LW–PLS-DA)

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Marta Bevilacqua, Federico Marini

The possibility of devising a simple, flexible and accurate non-linear classification method, by extending the locally weighted partial least squares (LW–PLS) approach to the cases where the algorithm is used in a discriminant way (partial least squares discriminant analysis, PLS-DA), is presented. In particular, to assess which category an unknown sample belongs to, the proposed algorithm operates by identifying which training objects are most similar to the one to be predicted and building a PLS-DA model using these calibration samples only. Moreover, the influence of the selected training samples on the local model can be further modulated by adopting a not uniform distance-based weighting scheme which allows the farthest calibration objects to have less impact than the closest ones. The performances of the proposed locally weighted–partial least squares-discriminant analysis (LW–PLS-DA) algorithm have been tested on three simulated data sets characterized by a varying degree of non-linearity: in all cases, a classification accuracy higher than 99% on external validation samples was achieved. Moreover, when also applied to a real data set (classification of rice varieties), characterized by a high extent of non-linearity, the proposed method provided an average correct classification rate of about 93% on the test set. By the preliminary results, showed in this paper, the performances of the proposed LW–PLS-DA approach have proved to be comparable and in some cases better than those obtained by other non-linear methods (k nearest neighbors, kernel-PLS-DA and, in the case of rice, counterpropagation neural networks).
Original languageEnglish
JournalAnalytica Chimica Acta
Volume838
Pages (from-to)20 - 30
ISSN0003-2670
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes

ID: 228372683