Interactions between a polystyrene particle and hydrophilic and hydrophobic surfaces in aqueous solutions
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The interaction between a colloidal polystyrene particle mounted on an AFM cantilever and a hydrophilic and a hydrophobic surface in aqueous solution is investigated. Despite the apparent simplicity of these two types of systems a variety of different types of interactions are observed. The system containing the polystyrene particle and a hydrophilic surface shows DLVO-like interactions characteristic of forces between charged surfaces. However, when the surface is hydrophobized the interaction changes dramatically and shows evidence of a bridging air bubble being formed between the particle and the surface. For both sets of systems, plateaus of constant force in the force curves are obtained when the particle is retracted from the surface after being in contact. These events are interpreted as a number of individual polystyrene molecules that are bridging the polystyrene particle and the surface. The plateaus of constant force are expected for pulling a hydrophobic polymer in a bad (hydrophilic) solvent. The plateau heights are found to be of uniform spacing and independent of the type of surface, which suggests a model by which collapsed polymers are extended into the aqueous medium. This model is supported by a full stretching curve showing also the backbone elasticity and a stretching curve obtained in pentanol, where the plateau changes to a nonlinear force response, which is typical for a polymer in a good or neutral solvent. We suggest that these polymer bridges are important in particular for the interaction between polystyrene and the hydrophilic surface, where they to some extent counteract the long-range electrostatic repulsion.
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - 15 Jul 2008|