Identification of weak and gender specific effects in a short 3 weeks intervention study using barley and oat mixed linkage β-glucan dietary supplements: a human fecal metabolome study by GC-MS

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Identification of weak and gender specific effects in a short 3 weeks intervention study using barley and oat mixed linkage β-glucan dietary supplements : a human fecal metabolome study by GC-MS. / Trimigno, Alessia; Khakimov, Bekzod; Castro Mejia, Josue Leonardo; Mikkelsen, Mette Skau; Kristensen, Mette Bredal; Jespersen, Birthe P Møller; Engelsen, Søren Balling.

In: Metabolomics, Vol. 13, 108, 2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Trimigno, A, Khakimov, B, Castro Mejia, JL, Mikkelsen, MS, Kristensen, MB, Jespersen, BPM & Engelsen, SB 2017, 'Identification of weak and gender specific effects in a short 3 weeks intervention study using barley and oat mixed linkage β-glucan dietary supplements: a human fecal metabolome study by GC-MS', Metabolomics, vol. 13, 108. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11306-017-1247-2

APA

Trimigno, A., Khakimov, B., Castro Mejia, J. L., Mikkelsen, M. S., Kristensen, M. B., Jespersen, B. P. M., & Engelsen, S. B. (2017). Identification of weak and gender specific effects in a short 3 weeks intervention study using barley and oat mixed linkage β-glucan dietary supplements: a human fecal metabolome study by GC-MS. Metabolomics, 13, [108]. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11306-017-1247-2

Vancouver

Trimigno A, Khakimov B, Castro Mejia JL, Mikkelsen MS, Kristensen MB, Jespersen BPM et al. Identification of weak and gender specific effects in a short 3 weeks intervention study using barley and oat mixed linkage β-glucan dietary supplements: a human fecal metabolome study by GC-MS. Metabolomics. 2017;13. 108. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11306-017-1247-2

Author

Trimigno, Alessia ; Khakimov, Bekzod ; Castro Mejia, Josue Leonardo ; Mikkelsen, Mette Skau ; Kristensen, Mette Bredal ; Jespersen, Birthe P Møller ; Engelsen, Søren Balling. / Identification of weak and gender specific effects in a short 3 weeks intervention study using barley and oat mixed linkage β-glucan dietary supplements : a human fecal metabolome study by GC-MS. In: Metabolomics. 2017 ; Vol. 13.

Bibtex

@article{5cb181ae89d64cf28940df7ff014062b,
title = "Identification of weak and gender specific effects in a short 3 weeks intervention study using barley and oat mixed linkage β-glucan dietary supplements: a human fecal metabolome study by GC-MS",
abstract = "INTRODUCTION: Mixed-linkage (1→3),(1→4)-β-d-glucans (BG) reduce cholesterol level and insulin response in humans. Despite this, their role in human metabolism and a mode of action remains largely unknown.OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of three structurally different BG on human fecal metabolome in a full cross-over intervention using GC-MS metabolomics.METHODS: Over three weeks of intervention, young healthy adults received food supplemented with BG from oat, two different BG from barley or a non-fiber control in a full cross-over design. Untargeted metabolomics and short chain fatty acid analysis was performed on day three fecal samples. ANOVA-simultaneous component analysis was applied to partition the data variation according to the study design, and PLS-DA was used to select most discriminative metabolite markers.RESULTS: Univariate and multivariate data analysis revealed a dominating effect of inter-individual variances followed by a gender effect. Weak effects of BG intake were identified including an increased level of gamma-amino-butyrate and palmitoleic acid in males and a decreased level of enterolactone in females. Barley and oat derived BG were found to influence the human fecal metabolome differently. Barley BG increased the relative level of formate in males and isobutyrate, isovalerate, 2-methylbutyrate in females. In total 15, 3 and 11 human fecal metabolites were significantly different between control vs. BG, control vs. oat BG, and barley BG vs. oat BG, respectively.CONCLUSIONS: The study show that human fecal metabolome largely reflects individual (∼28{\%} variation) and gender (∼15{\%} variation) differences, whereas the treatment effect of the BG (∼8{\%} variation) only manifests in a few key metabolites (primarily by the metabolites: d-2-aminobutyric acid, palmitoleic acid, linoleic acid and 11-eicosenoic acid).",
keywords = "Journal Article",
author = "Alessia Trimigno and Bekzod Khakimov and {Castro Mejia}, {Josue Leonardo} and Mikkelsen, {Mette Skau} and Kristensen, {Mette Bredal} and Jespersen, {Birthe P M{\o}ller} and Engelsen, {S{\o}ren Balling}",
note = "CURIS 2017 NEXS 281",
year = "2017",
doi = "10.1007/s11306-017-1247-2",
language = "English",
volume = "13",
journal = "Metabolomics",
issn = "1573-3882",
publisher = "Springer",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Identification of weak and gender specific effects in a short 3 weeks intervention study using barley and oat mixed linkage β-glucan dietary supplements

T2 - a human fecal metabolome study by GC-MS

AU - Trimigno, Alessia

AU - Khakimov, Bekzod

AU - Castro Mejia, Josue Leonardo

AU - Mikkelsen, Mette Skau

AU - Kristensen, Mette Bredal

AU - Jespersen, Birthe P Møller

AU - Engelsen, Søren Balling

N1 - CURIS 2017 NEXS 281

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - INTRODUCTION: Mixed-linkage (1→3),(1→4)-β-d-glucans (BG) reduce cholesterol level and insulin response in humans. Despite this, their role in human metabolism and a mode of action remains largely unknown.OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of three structurally different BG on human fecal metabolome in a full cross-over intervention using GC-MS metabolomics.METHODS: Over three weeks of intervention, young healthy adults received food supplemented with BG from oat, two different BG from barley or a non-fiber control in a full cross-over design. Untargeted metabolomics and short chain fatty acid analysis was performed on day three fecal samples. ANOVA-simultaneous component analysis was applied to partition the data variation according to the study design, and PLS-DA was used to select most discriminative metabolite markers.RESULTS: Univariate and multivariate data analysis revealed a dominating effect of inter-individual variances followed by a gender effect. Weak effects of BG intake were identified including an increased level of gamma-amino-butyrate and palmitoleic acid in males and a decreased level of enterolactone in females. Barley and oat derived BG were found to influence the human fecal metabolome differently. Barley BG increased the relative level of formate in males and isobutyrate, isovalerate, 2-methylbutyrate in females. In total 15, 3 and 11 human fecal metabolites were significantly different between control vs. BG, control vs. oat BG, and barley BG vs. oat BG, respectively.CONCLUSIONS: The study show that human fecal metabolome largely reflects individual (∼28% variation) and gender (∼15% variation) differences, whereas the treatment effect of the BG (∼8% variation) only manifests in a few key metabolites (primarily by the metabolites: d-2-aminobutyric acid, palmitoleic acid, linoleic acid and 11-eicosenoic acid).

AB - INTRODUCTION: Mixed-linkage (1→3),(1→4)-β-d-glucans (BG) reduce cholesterol level and insulin response in humans. Despite this, their role in human metabolism and a mode of action remains largely unknown.OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of three structurally different BG on human fecal metabolome in a full cross-over intervention using GC-MS metabolomics.METHODS: Over three weeks of intervention, young healthy adults received food supplemented with BG from oat, two different BG from barley or a non-fiber control in a full cross-over design. Untargeted metabolomics and short chain fatty acid analysis was performed on day three fecal samples. ANOVA-simultaneous component analysis was applied to partition the data variation according to the study design, and PLS-DA was used to select most discriminative metabolite markers.RESULTS: Univariate and multivariate data analysis revealed a dominating effect of inter-individual variances followed by a gender effect. Weak effects of BG intake were identified including an increased level of gamma-amino-butyrate and palmitoleic acid in males and a decreased level of enterolactone in females. Barley and oat derived BG were found to influence the human fecal metabolome differently. Barley BG increased the relative level of formate in males and isobutyrate, isovalerate, 2-methylbutyrate in females. In total 15, 3 and 11 human fecal metabolites were significantly different between control vs. BG, control vs. oat BG, and barley BG vs. oat BG, respectively.CONCLUSIONS: The study show that human fecal metabolome largely reflects individual (∼28% variation) and gender (∼15% variation) differences, whereas the treatment effect of the BG (∼8% variation) only manifests in a few key metabolites (primarily by the metabolites: d-2-aminobutyric acid, palmitoleic acid, linoleic acid and 11-eicosenoic acid).

KW - Journal Article

U2 - 10.1007/s11306-017-1247-2

DO - 10.1007/s11306-017-1247-2

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 28867988

VL - 13

JO - Metabolomics

JF - Metabolomics

SN - 1573-3882

M1 - 108

ER -

ID: 182891333