Anatomical adaptations to gradients in soil water of wild species of Poaceae

Research output: Contribution to conferenceConference abstract for conferenceResearchpeer-review

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Anatomical adaptations to gradients in soil water of wild species of Poaceae. / Yamauchi, Takaki; Pedersen, Ole; Nakazono, Mikio; Tsutsumi, Nobuhiro.

2019. Abstract from 2019 ISPA Conference, Taipei, Taiwan, Province of China.

Research output: Contribution to conferenceConference abstract for conferenceResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Yamauchi, T, Pedersen, O, Nakazono, M & Tsutsumi, N 2019, 'Anatomical adaptations to gradients in soil water of wild species of Poaceae', 2019 ISPA Conference, Taipei, Taiwan, Province of China, 02/06/2019 - 05/06/2019.

APA

Yamauchi, T., Pedersen, O., Nakazono, M., & Tsutsumi, N. (2019). Anatomical adaptations to gradients in soil water of wild species of Poaceae. Abstract from 2019 ISPA Conference, Taipei, Taiwan, Province of China.

Vancouver

Yamauchi T, Pedersen O, Nakazono M, Tsutsumi N. Anatomical adaptations to gradients in soil water of wild species of Poaceae. 2019. Abstract from 2019 ISPA Conference, Taipei, Taiwan, Province of China.

Author

Yamauchi, Takaki ; Pedersen, Ole ; Nakazono, Mikio ; Tsutsumi, Nobuhiro. / Anatomical adaptations to gradients in soil water of wild species of Poaceae. Abstract from 2019 ISPA Conference, Taipei, Taiwan, Province of China.

Bibtex

@conference{d1332354701f4e32a156e1008ca5ee55,
title = "Anatomical adaptations to gradients in soil water of wild species of Poaceae",
abstract = "Roots of higher plants possess a stele (vascular cylinder) that contains xylem vessels. The stele is surrounded by the cortex where, in some species, lysigenous aerenchyma can be formed by death of the cortical cells. Although many studies have focused on the sizes of xylem or aerenchyma as related respectively to drought or flooding tolerances, possible trade-off between the stele and cortex sizes has received much less attention. Recently, we found that the ratio of cortex to stele area (CSR) is higher in roots of the wetland rice than those of the upland crops, and that roots with a greater CSR can transport more oxygen to the root tips. In this study, we evaluated the root anatomy of 18 wild Poaceae species collected from a range of habitats with various soil water contents. We found that the species growing in higher soil water contents have greater CSR, and the species in soils with lower water contents have lower CSR. These results indicate that wetland and dryland species, respectively, have larger proportions of cortex and stele. Further anatomical analyses revealed that aerenchyma to cortex ratio (ACR) is higher in the species growing in both higher and lower soil water contents, and xylem to stele ratio (XSR) is higher in the species with higher water contents. Finally, we constructed correlation models between CSR, ACR, or XSR and soil water contents of wild Poaceae species. Using these models, we were able to isolate the relevant anatomical features that are essential for successful adaptation to habitats differing in soil water status. From the results of these studies, we will discuss the possible application of these indices into the improvements of crop tolerance to drought or soil flooding.",
keywords = "Faculty of Science, wetland plant, wetland grass, grass, Poaceae, root traits, CSR, ACR, XSR, aerenchyma, waterlogging, flooding, flooding stress, flood tolerance, flood tolerant",
author = "Takaki Yamauchi and Ole Pedersen and Mikio Nakazono and Nobuhiro Tsutsumi",
year = "2019",
month = "6",
day = "2",
language = "English",
note = "2019 ISPA Conference ; Conference date: 02-06-2019 Through 05-06-2019",
url = "http://2019ispa.org",

}

RIS

TY - ABST

T1 - Anatomical adaptations to gradients in soil water of wild species of Poaceae

AU - Yamauchi, Takaki

AU - Pedersen, Ole

AU - Nakazono, Mikio

AU - Tsutsumi, Nobuhiro

PY - 2019/6/2

Y1 - 2019/6/2

N2 - Roots of higher plants possess a stele (vascular cylinder) that contains xylem vessels. The stele is surrounded by the cortex where, in some species, lysigenous aerenchyma can be formed by death of the cortical cells. Although many studies have focused on the sizes of xylem or aerenchyma as related respectively to drought or flooding tolerances, possible trade-off between the stele and cortex sizes has received much less attention. Recently, we found that the ratio of cortex to stele area (CSR) is higher in roots of the wetland rice than those of the upland crops, and that roots with a greater CSR can transport more oxygen to the root tips. In this study, we evaluated the root anatomy of 18 wild Poaceae species collected from a range of habitats with various soil water contents. We found that the species growing in higher soil water contents have greater CSR, and the species in soils with lower water contents have lower CSR. These results indicate that wetland and dryland species, respectively, have larger proportions of cortex and stele. Further anatomical analyses revealed that aerenchyma to cortex ratio (ACR) is higher in the species growing in both higher and lower soil water contents, and xylem to stele ratio (XSR) is higher in the species with higher water contents. Finally, we constructed correlation models between CSR, ACR, or XSR and soil water contents of wild Poaceae species. Using these models, we were able to isolate the relevant anatomical features that are essential for successful adaptation to habitats differing in soil water status. From the results of these studies, we will discuss the possible application of these indices into the improvements of crop tolerance to drought or soil flooding.

AB - Roots of higher plants possess a stele (vascular cylinder) that contains xylem vessels. The stele is surrounded by the cortex where, in some species, lysigenous aerenchyma can be formed by death of the cortical cells. Although many studies have focused on the sizes of xylem or aerenchyma as related respectively to drought or flooding tolerances, possible trade-off between the stele and cortex sizes has received much less attention. Recently, we found that the ratio of cortex to stele area (CSR) is higher in roots of the wetland rice than those of the upland crops, and that roots with a greater CSR can transport more oxygen to the root tips. In this study, we evaluated the root anatomy of 18 wild Poaceae species collected from a range of habitats with various soil water contents. We found that the species growing in higher soil water contents have greater CSR, and the species in soils with lower water contents have lower CSR. These results indicate that wetland and dryland species, respectively, have larger proportions of cortex and stele. Further anatomical analyses revealed that aerenchyma to cortex ratio (ACR) is higher in the species growing in both higher and lower soil water contents, and xylem to stele ratio (XSR) is higher in the species with higher water contents. Finally, we constructed correlation models between CSR, ACR, or XSR and soil water contents of wild Poaceae species. Using these models, we were able to isolate the relevant anatomical features that are essential for successful adaptation to habitats differing in soil water status. From the results of these studies, we will discuss the possible application of these indices into the improvements of crop tolerance to drought or soil flooding.

KW - Faculty of Science

KW - wetland plant

KW - wetland grass

KW - grass

KW - Poaceae

KW - root traits

KW - CSR

KW - ACR

KW - XSR

KW - aerenchyma

KW - waterlogging

KW - flooding

KW - flooding stress

KW - flood tolerance

KW - flood tolerant

M3 - Conference abstract for conference

T2 - 2019 ISPA Conference

Y2 - 2 June 2019 through 5 June 2019

ER -

ID: 214127415