A microscopic model for lipid/protein bilayers with critical mixing
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A statistical mechanical lattice model is proposed to describe the phase diagram of phospholipid bilayers with small transmembrane proteins or polypeptides. The model is based on the extended Pink-Green-Chapman model (Zhang et al. (1992) Phys. Rev. A 45, 7560-7567) for pure lipid bilayers which undergo a first-order gel-fluid phase transition. The interaction between the lipid bilayer and the protein or polypeptide is modelled using the concept of hydrophobic matching. The phase diagram has been derived by computer-simulation techniques which fully account for thermal density fluctuations and which operate on the level of the free-energy thereby permitting an accurate identification of the phase boundaries. The calculations predict a closed loop of gel-fluid coexistence with a lower critical mixing point. Specific-heat traces across the phase diagram are also presented. The theoretical results for the phase diagram, the specific-heat function, and the transition enthalpy are related to recent experimental measurements on phospholipid bilayers mixed with synthetic transmembrane amphiphilic polypeptides or with gramicidin A.
|Journal||Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Biomembranes|
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - 1993|
- Critical mixing, Gramicidin A, Lipid bilayer, Phase diagram, Polypeptide