A carbohydrate-reduced high-protein diet acutely decreases postprandial and diurnal glucose excursions in type 2 diabetes patients

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

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A carbohydrate-reduced high-protein diet acutely decreases postprandial and diurnal glucose excursions in type 2 diabetes patients. / Samkani, Amirsalar; Skytte, Mads Gustav Juul; Kandel, Daniel; Kjaer, Stine; Astrup, Arne; Deacon, Carolyn F.; Holst, Jens J; Madsbad, Sten; Rehfeld, Jens Frederik; Haugaard, Steen Bendix; Krarup, Thure.

In: British Journal of Nutrition, Vol. 119, No. 8, 2018, p. 910-917.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Harvard

Samkani, A, Skytte, MGJ, Kandel, D, Kjaer, S, Astrup, A, Deacon, CF, Holst, JJ, Madsbad, S, Rehfeld, JF, Haugaard, SB & Krarup, T 2018, 'A carbohydrate-reduced high-protein diet acutely decreases postprandial and diurnal glucose excursions in type 2 diabetes patients', British Journal of Nutrition, vol. 119, no. 8, pp. 910-917. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007114518000521

APA

Samkani, A., Skytte, M. G. J., Kandel, D., Kjaer, S., Astrup, A., Deacon, C. F., ... Krarup, T. (2018). A carbohydrate-reduced high-protein diet acutely decreases postprandial and diurnal glucose excursions in type 2 diabetes patients. British Journal of Nutrition, 119(8), 910-917. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007114518000521

Vancouver

Samkani A, Skytte MGJ, Kandel D, Kjaer S, Astrup A, Deacon CF et al. A carbohydrate-reduced high-protein diet acutely decreases postprandial and diurnal glucose excursions in type 2 diabetes patients. British Journal of Nutrition. 2018;119(8):910-917. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007114518000521

Author

Samkani, Amirsalar ; Skytte, Mads Gustav Juul ; Kandel, Daniel ; Kjaer, Stine ; Astrup, Arne ; Deacon, Carolyn F. ; Holst, Jens J ; Madsbad, Sten ; Rehfeld, Jens Frederik ; Haugaard, Steen Bendix ; Krarup, Thure. / A carbohydrate-reduced high-protein diet acutely decreases postprandial and diurnal glucose excursions in type 2 diabetes patients. In: British Journal of Nutrition. 2018 ; Vol. 119, No. 8. pp. 910-917.

Bibtex

@article{fc216f77e8b04b2dbccfeda068c28489,
title = "A carbohydrate-reduced high-protein diet acutely decreases postprandial and diurnal glucose excursions in type 2 diabetes patients",
abstract = "The aim of the study was to assess whether a simple substitution of carbohydrate in the conventionally recommended diet with protein and fat would result in a clinically meaningful reduction in postprandial hyperglycaemia in subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). In all, sixteen subjects with T2DM treated with metformin only, fourteen male, with a median age of 65 (43-70) years, HbA1c of 6·5 {\%} (47 mmol/l) (5·5-8·3 {\%} (37-67 mmol/l)) and a BMI of 30 (sd 4·4) kg/m2 participated in the randomised, cross-over study. A carbohydrate-reduced high-protein (CRHP) diet was compared with an iso-energetic conventional diabetes (CD) diet. Macronutrient contents of the CRHP/CD diets consisted of 31/54 {\%} energy from carbohydrate, 29/16 {\%} energy from protein and 40/30 {\%} energy from fat, respectively. Each diet was consumed on 2 consecutive days in a randomised order. Postprandial glycaemia, pancreatic and gut hormones, as well as satiety, were evaluated at breakfast and lunch. Compared with the CD diet, the CRHP diet reduced postprandial AUC of glucose by 14 {\%}, insulin by 22 {\%} and glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide by 17 {\%} (all P<0·001), respectively. Correspondingly, glucagon AUC increased by 33 {\%} (P<0·001), cholecystokinin by 24 {\%} (P=0·004) and satiety scores by 7 {\%} (P=0·035), respectively. A moderate reduction in carbohydrate with an increase in fat and protein in the diet, compared with an energy-matched CD diet, greatly reduced postprandial glucose excursions and resulted in increased satiety in patients with well-controlled T2DM.",
keywords = "Faculty of Science, Diabetes, Carbohydrates, Postprandial glucose",
author = "Amirsalar Samkani and Skytte, {Mads Gustav Juul} and Daniel Kandel and Stine Kjaer and Arne Astrup and Deacon, {Carolyn F.} and Holst, {Jens J} and Sten Madsbad and Rehfeld, {Jens Frederik} and Haugaard, {Steen Bendix} and Thure Krarup",
note = "CURIS 2018 NEXS 127",
year = "2018",
doi = "10.1017/S0007114518000521",
language = "English",
volume = "119",
pages = "910--917",
journal = "British Journal of Nutrition",
issn = "0007-1145",
publisher = "Cambridge University Press",
number = "8",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - A carbohydrate-reduced high-protein diet acutely decreases postprandial and diurnal glucose excursions in type 2 diabetes patients

AU - Samkani, Amirsalar

AU - Skytte, Mads Gustav Juul

AU - Kandel, Daniel

AU - Kjaer, Stine

AU - Astrup, Arne

AU - Deacon, Carolyn F.

AU - Holst, Jens J

AU - Madsbad, Sten

AU - Rehfeld, Jens Frederik

AU - Haugaard, Steen Bendix

AU - Krarup, Thure

N1 - CURIS 2018 NEXS 127

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - The aim of the study was to assess whether a simple substitution of carbohydrate in the conventionally recommended diet with protein and fat would result in a clinically meaningful reduction in postprandial hyperglycaemia in subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). In all, sixteen subjects with T2DM treated with metformin only, fourteen male, with a median age of 65 (43-70) years, HbA1c of 6·5 % (47 mmol/l) (5·5-8·3 % (37-67 mmol/l)) and a BMI of 30 (sd 4·4) kg/m2 participated in the randomised, cross-over study. A carbohydrate-reduced high-protein (CRHP) diet was compared with an iso-energetic conventional diabetes (CD) diet. Macronutrient contents of the CRHP/CD diets consisted of 31/54 % energy from carbohydrate, 29/16 % energy from protein and 40/30 % energy from fat, respectively. Each diet was consumed on 2 consecutive days in a randomised order. Postprandial glycaemia, pancreatic and gut hormones, as well as satiety, were evaluated at breakfast and lunch. Compared with the CD diet, the CRHP diet reduced postprandial AUC of glucose by 14 %, insulin by 22 % and glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide by 17 % (all P<0·001), respectively. Correspondingly, glucagon AUC increased by 33 % (P<0·001), cholecystokinin by 24 % (P=0·004) and satiety scores by 7 % (P=0·035), respectively. A moderate reduction in carbohydrate with an increase in fat and protein in the diet, compared with an energy-matched CD diet, greatly reduced postprandial glucose excursions and resulted in increased satiety in patients with well-controlled T2DM.

AB - The aim of the study was to assess whether a simple substitution of carbohydrate in the conventionally recommended diet with protein and fat would result in a clinically meaningful reduction in postprandial hyperglycaemia in subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). In all, sixteen subjects with T2DM treated with metformin only, fourteen male, with a median age of 65 (43-70) years, HbA1c of 6·5 % (47 mmol/l) (5·5-8·3 % (37-67 mmol/l)) and a BMI of 30 (sd 4·4) kg/m2 participated in the randomised, cross-over study. A carbohydrate-reduced high-protein (CRHP) diet was compared with an iso-energetic conventional diabetes (CD) diet. Macronutrient contents of the CRHP/CD diets consisted of 31/54 % energy from carbohydrate, 29/16 % energy from protein and 40/30 % energy from fat, respectively. Each diet was consumed on 2 consecutive days in a randomised order. Postprandial glycaemia, pancreatic and gut hormones, as well as satiety, were evaluated at breakfast and lunch. Compared with the CD diet, the CRHP diet reduced postprandial AUC of glucose by 14 %, insulin by 22 % and glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide by 17 % (all P<0·001), respectively. Correspondingly, glucagon AUC increased by 33 % (P<0·001), cholecystokinin by 24 % (P=0·004) and satiety scores by 7 % (P=0·035), respectively. A moderate reduction in carbohydrate with an increase in fat and protein in the diet, compared with an energy-matched CD diet, greatly reduced postprandial glucose excursions and resulted in increased satiety in patients with well-controlled T2DM.

KW - Faculty of Science

KW - Diabetes

KW - Carbohydrates

KW - Postprandial glucose

U2 - 10.1017/S0007114518000521

DO - 10.1017/S0007114518000521

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 29644957

VL - 119

SP - 910

EP - 917

JO - British Journal of Nutrition

JF - British Journal of Nutrition

SN - 0007-1145

IS - 8

ER -

ID: 195049102