Study of the scattering effects on NIR data for the prediction of ash content using EMSC correction factors

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Manuela Mancini, Giuseppe Toscano, Åsmund Rinnan

Scattering effect is a really common physical phenomenon during near-infrared analysis. It is an undesired variation in the spectral data due to a deviation of light from a straight trajectory into different paths. The nonlinearities introduced can be handled by using spectral preprocessing techniques. The situation is completely different when the parameter of interest is physical by nature, such as ash content, in this case removing the physical artifacts of scattering would be negative for the final model. In this study, we have decided to investigate the ash content parameter trying to figure out if the information useful for its prediction is related to the scattering effects, the chemical features, or a mixture of them. To this aim, two near-infrared spectral datasets were taken into consideration: woodchip for energy sector and pellet samples for feed sector. A new regression model (CORR-PLS) was developed by including principal components analysis scores and extended multiplicative scatter correction (EMSC) factors as physical parameters into the partial least squares (PLS) regression model. The prediction performance of the regular PLS models (PLS on the raw data and MSC pre-treated data) were compared with that of the CORR-PLS model both with regard to prediction uncertainty and model complexity in order to evaluate which is the relevant information for prediction of the ash content.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere3111
JournalJournal of Chemometrics
Volume33
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)1-10
ISSN0886-9383
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

    Research areas

  • ash content, MSC/EMSC factors, scatter correction, scattering

ID: 216304513