The antipsychotic drug chlorpromazine enhances the cytotoxic effect of tamoxifen in tamoxifen-sensitive and tamoxifen-resistant human breast cancer cells

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The antipsychotic drug chlorpromazine enhances the cytotoxic effect of tamoxifen in tamoxifen-sensitive and tamoxifen-resistant human breast cancer cells. / Yde, Christina W.; Clausen, Mathias P.; Bennetzen, Martin V.; Lykkesfeldt, Anne E.; Mouritsen, Ole G.; Guerra, Barbara.

In: Anti-Cancer Drugs, Vol. 20, No. 8, 28.09.2009, p. 723-735.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Yde, CW, Clausen, MP, Bennetzen, MV, Lykkesfeldt, AE, Mouritsen, OG & Guerra, B 2009, 'The antipsychotic drug chlorpromazine enhances the cytotoxic effect of tamoxifen in tamoxifen-sensitive and tamoxifen-resistant human breast cancer cells', Anti-Cancer Drugs, vol. 20, no. 8, pp. 723-735. https://doi.org/10.1097/CAD.0b013e32832ec041

APA

Yde, C. W., Clausen, M. P., Bennetzen, M. V., Lykkesfeldt, A. E., Mouritsen, O. G., & Guerra, B. (2009). The antipsychotic drug chlorpromazine enhances the cytotoxic effect of tamoxifen in tamoxifen-sensitive and tamoxifen-resistant human breast cancer cells. Anti-Cancer Drugs, 20(8), 723-735. https://doi.org/10.1097/CAD.0b013e32832ec041

Vancouver

Yde CW, Clausen MP, Bennetzen MV, Lykkesfeldt AE, Mouritsen OG, Guerra B. The antipsychotic drug chlorpromazine enhances the cytotoxic effect of tamoxifen in tamoxifen-sensitive and tamoxifen-resistant human breast cancer cells. Anti-Cancer Drugs. 2009 Sep 28;20(8):723-735. https://doi.org/10.1097/CAD.0b013e32832ec041

Author

Yde, Christina W. ; Clausen, Mathias P. ; Bennetzen, Martin V. ; Lykkesfeldt, Anne E. ; Mouritsen, Ole G. ; Guerra, Barbara. / The antipsychotic drug chlorpromazine enhances the cytotoxic effect of tamoxifen in tamoxifen-sensitive and tamoxifen-resistant human breast cancer cells. In: Anti-Cancer Drugs. 2009 ; Vol. 20, No. 8. pp. 723-735.

Bibtex

@article{2a035d5b1e1a4013b5b5ce33ef322a99,
title = "The antipsychotic drug chlorpromazine enhances the cytotoxic effect of tamoxifen in tamoxifen-sensitive and tamoxifen-resistant human breast cancer cells",
abstract = "Tamoxifen resistance is a major clinical problem in the treatment of estrogen receptor α-positive breast tumors. It is, at present, unclear what exactly causes tamoxifen resistance. For decades, chlorpromazine has been used for treating psychotic diseases, such as schizophrenia. However, the compound is now also recognized as a multitargeting drug with diverse potential applications, for example, it has antiproliferative properties and it can reverse resistance toward antibiotics in bacteria. Furthermore, chlorpromazine can reverse multidrug resistance caused by overexpression of P-glycoprotein in cancer cells. In this study, we have investigated the effect of chlorpromazine on tamoxifen response of human breast cancer cells. We found that chlorpromazine worked synergistically together with tamoxifen with respect to reduction of cell growth and metabolic activity, both in the antiestrogen-sensitive breast cancer cell line, MCF-7, and in a tamoxifen-resistant cell line, established from the MCF-7 cells. Tamoxifen-sensitive and tamoxifen-resistant cells were killed equally well by combined treatment with chlorpromazine and tamoxifen. This synergistic effect could be prevented by addition of estrogen, suggesting that chlorpromazine enhances the effect of tamoxifen through an estrogen receptor-mediated mechanism. To investigate this putative mechanism, we applied biophysical techniques to simple model membranes in the form of unilamellar liposomes of well-defined composition and found that chlorpromazine interacts strongly with lipid bilayers of different composition leading to increased permeability. This implies that chlorpromazine can change influx properties of membranes hence suggesting that chlorpromazine may be a promising chemosensitizing compound for enhancing the cytotoxic effect of tamoxifen.",
keywords = "Breast cancer, Cell death, Chlorpromazine, Tamoxifen resistance",
author = "Yde, {Christina W.} and Clausen, {Mathias P.} and Bennetzen, {Martin V.} and Lykkesfeldt, {Anne E.} and Mouritsen, {Ole G.} and Barbara Guerra",
year = "2009",
month = "9",
day = "28",
doi = "10.1097/CAD.0b013e32832ec041",
language = "English",
volume = "20",
pages = "723--735",
journal = "Anti-Cancer Drugs",
issn = "0959-4973",
publisher = "Lippincott Williams & Wilkins",
number = "8",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The antipsychotic drug chlorpromazine enhances the cytotoxic effect of tamoxifen in tamoxifen-sensitive and tamoxifen-resistant human breast cancer cells

AU - Yde, Christina W.

AU - Clausen, Mathias P.

AU - Bennetzen, Martin V.

AU - Lykkesfeldt, Anne E.

AU - Mouritsen, Ole G.

AU - Guerra, Barbara

PY - 2009/9/28

Y1 - 2009/9/28

N2 - Tamoxifen resistance is a major clinical problem in the treatment of estrogen receptor α-positive breast tumors. It is, at present, unclear what exactly causes tamoxifen resistance. For decades, chlorpromazine has been used for treating psychotic diseases, such as schizophrenia. However, the compound is now also recognized as a multitargeting drug with diverse potential applications, for example, it has antiproliferative properties and it can reverse resistance toward antibiotics in bacteria. Furthermore, chlorpromazine can reverse multidrug resistance caused by overexpression of P-glycoprotein in cancer cells. In this study, we have investigated the effect of chlorpromazine on tamoxifen response of human breast cancer cells. We found that chlorpromazine worked synergistically together with tamoxifen with respect to reduction of cell growth and metabolic activity, both in the antiestrogen-sensitive breast cancer cell line, MCF-7, and in a tamoxifen-resistant cell line, established from the MCF-7 cells. Tamoxifen-sensitive and tamoxifen-resistant cells were killed equally well by combined treatment with chlorpromazine and tamoxifen. This synergistic effect could be prevented by addition of estrogen, suggesting that chlorpromazine enhances the effect of tamoxifen through an estrogen receptor-mediated mechanism. To investigate this putative mechanism, we applied biophysical techniques to simple model membranes in the form of unilamellar liposomes of well-defined composition and found that chlorpromazine interacts strongly with lipid bilayers of different composition leading to increased permeability. This implies that chlorpromazine can change influx properties of membranes hence suggesting that chlorpromazine may be a promising chemosensitizing compound for enhancing the cytotoxic effect of tamoxifen.

AB - Tamoxifen resistance is a major clinical problem in the treatment of estrogen receptor α-positive breast tumors. It is, at present, unclear what exactly causes tamoxifen resistance. For decades, chlorpromazine has been used for treating psychotic diseases, such as schizophrenia. However, the compound is now also recognized as a multitargeting drug with diverse potential applications, for example, it has antiproliferative properties and it can reverse resistance toward antibiotics in bacteria. Furthermore, chlorpromazine can reverse multidrug resistance caused by overexpression of P-glycoprotein in cancer cells. In this study, we have investigated the effect of chlorpromazine on tamoxifen response of human breast cancer cells. We found that chlorpromazine worked synergistically together with tamoxifen with respect to reduction of cell growth and metabolic activity, both in the antiestrogen-sensitive breast cancer cell line, MCF-7, and in a tamoxifen-resistant cell line, established from the MCF-7 cells. Tamoxifen-sensitive and tamoxifen-resistant cells were killed equally well by combined treatment with chlorpromazine and tamoxifen. This synergistic effect could be prevented by addition of estrogen, suggesting that chlorpromazine enhances the effect of tamoxifen through an estrogen receptor-mediated mechanism. To investigate this putative mechanism, we applied biophysical techniques to simple model membranes in the form of unilamellar liposomes of well-defined composition and found that chlorpromazine interacts strongly with lipid bilayers of different composition leading to increased permeability. This implies that chlorpromazine can change influx properties of membranes hence suggesting that chlorpromazine may be a promising chemosensitizing compound for enhancing the cytotoxic effect of tamoxifen.

KW - Breast cancer

KW - Cell death

KW - Chlorpromazine

KW - Tamoxifen resistance

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=70349326002&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1097/CAD.0b013e32832ec041

DO - 10.1097/CAD.0b013e32832ec041

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 19584708

AN - SCOPUS:70349326002

VL - 20

SP - 723

EP - 735

JO - Anti-Cancer Drugs

JF - Anti-Cancer Drugs

SN - 0959-4973

IS - 8

ER -

ID: 230976909