Natural infection of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.) by toxigenic fungi and mycotoxin contamination in Benin, West Africa

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Natural infection of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.) by toxigenic fungi and mycotoxin contamination in Benin, West Africa. / Houssou, P.A.; Ahohuendo, B.C.; Fandohan, P.; Kpodo, K.; Hounhouigan, D.J.; Jakobsen, Mogens.

In: Journal of Stored Products Research, Vol. 45, No. 1, 2009, p. 40-44.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Houssou, PA, Ahohuendo, BC, Fandohan, P, Kpodo, K, Hounhouigan, DJ & Jakobsen, M 2009, 'Natural infection of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.) by toxigenic fungi and mycotoxin contamination in Benin, West Africa', Journal of Stored Products Research, vol. 45, no. 1, pp. 40-44. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jspr.2008.07.002

APA

Houssou, P. A., Ahohuendo, B. C., Fandohan, P., Kpodo, K., Hounhouigan, D. J., & Jakobsen, M. (2009). Natural infection of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.) by toxigenic fungi and mycotoxin contamination in Benin, West Africa. Journal of Stored Products Research, 45(1), 40-44. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jspr.2008.07.002

Vancouver

Houssou PA, Ahohuendo BC, Fandohan P, Kpodo K, Hounhouigan DJ, Jakobsen M. Natural infection of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.) by toxigenic fungi and mycotoxin contamination in Benin, West Africa. Journal of Stored Products Research. 2009;45(1):40-44. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jspr.2008.07.002

Author

Houssou, P.A. ; Ahohuendo, B.C. ; Fandohan, P. ; Kpodo, K. ; Hounhouigan, D.J. ; Jakobsen, Mogens. / Natural infection of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.) by toxigenic fungi and mycotoxin contamination in Benin, West Africa. In: Journal of Stored Products Research. 2009 ; Vol. 45, No. 1. pp. 40-44.

Bibtex

@article{85786db0ba1311ddae57000ea68e967b,
title = "Natural infection of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.) by toxigenic fungi and mycotoxin contamination in Benin, West Africa",
abstract = "Natural infection of cowpea by toxigenic fungi and mycotoxin contamination in Benin, West Africa were studied. Cowpea samples were collected at harvest (T0) and after three months of storage (T3) from the four agro-ecological zones of the country. A total of 92 representative samples were analysed for the two periods. About 23 fungal species were identified on cowpea seed samples across zones of which Aspergillus flavus, a fungus that produces aflatoxins, was most frequently encountered. Fusarium species shown to produce fumonisins were not recorded from cowpea seeds. Overall incidence of A. flavus infection was found to increase after storage from 7.6{\%} at T0 to 28.25{\%} at T3. In spite of this natural infection of cowpea, very low levels of fumonisin and aflatoxin were detected. Only three out of the 92 cowpea samples, all collected at T0, were found to be fumonisin B1 positive with a mean level of 0.03 mg/g. Similarly, only six samples out of the 92, all collected at T3, were aflatoxin B1 positive with mean levels of 3.58 µg/kg. Fumonisin (B2 and B3) and aflatoxin (B2, G1 and G2) were not detected in any of the samples. Contrary to the situation with maize and groundnut where high levels of toxin are often detected in naturally infected samples, the current results indicate that cowpea is less susceptible to mycotoxin contamination. A low susceptibility could be due to the presence in cowpea of substances that inhibit mycotoxin biosynthesis. Further investigations are underway to confirm this hypothesis.",
author = "P.A. Houssou and B.C. Ahohuendo and P. Fandohan and K. Kpodo and D.J. Hounhouigan and Mogens Jakobsen",
year = "2009",
doi = "10.1016/j.jspr.2008.07.002",
language = "English",
volume = "45",
pages = "40--44",
journal = "Journal of Stored Products Research",
issn = "0022-474X",
publisher = "Pergamon Press",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Natural infection of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.) by toxigenic fungi and mycotoxin contamination in Benin, West Africa

AU - Houssou, P.A.

AU - Ahohuendo, B.C.

AU - Fandohan, P.

AU - Kpodo, K.

AU - Hounhouigan, D.J.

AU - Jakobsen, Mogens

PY - 2009

Y1 - 2009

N2 - Natural infection of cowpea by toxigenic fungi and mycotoxin contamination in Benin, West Africa were studied. Cowpea samples were collected at harvest (T0) and after three months of storage (T3) from the four agro-ecological zones of the country. A total of 92 representative samples were analysed for the two periods. About 23 fungal species were identified on cowpea seed samples across zones of which Aspergillus flavus, a fungus that produces aflatoxins, was most frequently encountered. Fusarium species shown to produce fumonisins were not recorded from cowpea seeds. Overall incidence of A. flavus infection was found to increase after storage from 7.6% at T0 to 28.25% at T3. In spite of this natural infection of cowpea, very low levels of fumonisin and aflatoxin were detected. Only three out of the 92 cowpea samples, all collected at T0, were found to be fumonisin B1 positive with a mean level of 0.03 mg/g. Similarly, only six samples out of the 92, all collected at T3, were aflatoxin B1 positive with mean levels of 3.58 µg/kg. Fumonisin (B2 and B3) and aflatoxin (B2, G1 and G2) were not detected in any of the samples. Contrary to the situation with maize and groundnut where high levels of toxin are often detected in naturally infected samples, the current results indicate that cowpea is less susceptible to mycotoxin contamination. A low susceptibility could be due to the presence in cowpea of substances that inhibit mycotoxin biosynthesis. Further investigations are underway to confirm this hypothesis.

AB - Natural infection of cowpea by toxigenic fungi and mycotoxin contamination in Benin, West Africa were studied. Cowpea samples were collected at harvest (T0) and after three months of storage (T3) from the four agro-ecological zones of the country. A total of 92 representative samples were analysed for the two periods. About 23 fungal species were identified on cowpea seed samples across zones of which Aspergillus flavus, a fungus that produces aflatoxins, was most frequently encountered. Fusarium species shown to produce fumonisins were not recorded from cowpea seeds. Overall incidence of A. flavus infection was found to increase after storage from 7.6% at T0 to 28.25% at T3. In spite of this natural infection of cowpea, very low levels of fumonisin and aflatoxin were detected. Only three out of the 92 cowpea samples, all collected at T0, were found to be fumonisin B1 positive with a mean level of 0.03 mg/g. Similarly, only six samples out of the 92, all collected at T3, were aflatoxin B1 positive with mean levels of 3.58 µg/kg. Fumonisin (B2 and B3) and aflatoxin (B2, G1 and G2) were not detected in any of the samples. Contrary to the situation with maize and groundnut where high levels of toxin are often detected in naturally infected samples, the current results indicate that cowpea is less susceptible to mycotoxin contamination. A low susceptibility could be due to the presence in cowpea of substances that inhibit mycotoxin biosynthesis. Further investigations are underway to confirm this hypothesis.

U2 - 10.1016/j.jspr.2008.07.002

DO - 10.1016/j.jspr.2008.07.002

M3 - Journal article

VL - 45

SP - 40

EP - 44

JO - Journal of Stored Products Research

JF - Journal of Stored Products Research

SN - 0022-474X

IS - 1

ER -

ID: 8744075