Influence of the Active Compounds of Perilla frutescens Leaves on Lipid Membranes
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The leaves of the annual plant Perilla frutescens are used widely as a spice and a preservative in Asian food as well as in traditional medicine. The active compounds in the leaves are the cyclic monoterpene limonene (1) and its bio-oxidation products, perillaldehyde (2), perillyl alcohol (3), and perillic acid (4). These compounds are known to be biologically active and exhibit antimicrobial, anticancer, and anti-inflammatory effects that could all be membrane mediated. In order to assess the possible biophysical effects of these compounds on membranes quantitatively, the influence of limonene and its bio-oxidation products has been investigated on a membrane model composed of 1,2-dimyristoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DMPC) using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC), and electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy (EPR). It was found that limonene (1), perillyl alcohol (2), and perillaldehyde (3) partitioned into the DMPC membrane, whereas perillic acid (4) did not. The DSC results demonstrated that all the partitioning compounds strongly perturbed the phase transition of DMPC, whereas no perturbation of the local membrane order was detected by EPR spectroscopy. The results of the study showed that limonene (1) and its bio-oxidation products affect membranes in rather subtle ways.
|Journal||Journal of Natural Products|
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - 2012|