Gene Transcription and Virulence Potential of Listeria monocytogenes Strains After Exposure to Acidic and NaCl Stress

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Gene Transcription and Virulence Potential of Listeria monocytogenes Strains After Exposure to Acidic and NaCl Stress. / Olesen, Inger; Vogensen, Finn Kvist; Jespersen, Lene.

In: Foodborne Pathogens and Disease, Vol. 6, No. 6, 2009, p. 669-680.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Olesen, I, Vogensen, FK & Jespersen, L 2009, 'Gene Transcription and Virulence Potential of Listeria monocytogenes Strains After Exposure to Acidic and NaCl Stress', Foodborne Pathogens and Disease, vol. 6, no. 6, pp. 669-680. https://doi.org/10.1089/fpd.2008.0243

APA

Olesen, I., Vogensen, F. K., & Jespersen, L. (2009). Gene Transcription and Virulence Potential of Listeria monocytogenes Strains After Exposure to Acidic and NaCl Stress. Foodborne Pathogens and Disease, 6(6), 669-680. https://doi.org/10.1089/fpd.2008.0243

Vancouver

Olesen I, Vogensen FK, Jespersen L. Gene Transcription and Virulence Potential of Listeria monocytogenes Strains After Exposure to Acidic and NaCl Stress. Foodborne Pathogens and Disease. 2009;6(6):669-680. https://doi.org/10.1089/fpd.2008.0243

Author

Olesen, Inger ; Vogensen, Finn Kvist ; Jespersen, Lene. / Gene Transcription and Virulence Potential of Listeria monocytogenes Strains After Exposure to Acidic and NaCl Stress. In: Foodborne Pathogens and Disease. 2009 ; Vol. 6, No. 6. pp. 669-680.

Bibtex

@article{f4b15e70d43a11dea1f3000ea68e967b,
title = "Gene Transcription and Virulence Potential of Listeria monocytogenes Strains After Exposure to Acidic and NaCl Stress",
abstract = "Gene transcription and virulence potential of two strains of Listeria monocytogenes, EGD-e and 4140, were compared by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction and in a Caco-2 in vitro model after exposure to acidic (pH 5.5) and NaCl (4.5{\%} w=v) stress. Strain-dependent differences in gene transcription were observed both after exposure to shock (six genes) and after long-term adaptation to stress (18 genes). In the shock experiments, a transient induction of clpC and clpE was seen for both strains, while transient induction of sigB, inlA, and inlB was observed for strain 4140 only; actA was only induced in EGD-e after NaCl shock. The longterm stress experiments were included to imitate the stress conditions encountered by L. monocytogenes when present in food products. Long-term adaptation of EGD-e to acidic stress induced transcription of iap and repressed flaA, while genes related to stress response and invasion (clpC, clpP, inlA, inlB, prfA, and sigB) were induced in 4140. Long-term adaptation of EGD-e to NaCl stress increased transcription of genes important for the intracellular life cycle (actA, hly, iap, inlA, inlB, plcA, plcB, and prfA), while few changes were observed for 4140. Experiments with Caco-2 confirmed that long-term adaptation of EGD-e and 4140 to acidic and NaCl stress is capable of increasing the virulence potential: an improved adhesion to Caco-2 was observed for both EGD-e and 4140 after acidic and NaCl stress, and increased invasion was seen for both strains after long-term NaCl stress. The fact that several virulence genes were up-regulated and that adhesion and invasion properties were increased demonstrate that certain environmental conditions in food products might influence the virulence potential of L. monocytogenes.",
keywords = "Former LIFE faculty",
author = "Inger Olesen and Vogensen, {Finn Kvist} and Lene Jespersen",
year = "2009",
doi = "10.1089/fpd.2008.0243",
language = "English",
volume = "6",
pages = "669--680",
journal = "Foodborne Pathogens and Disease",
issn = "1535-3141",
publisher = "Mary AnnLiebert, Inc. Publishers",
number = "6",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Gene Transcription and Virulence Potential of Listeria monocytogenes Strains After Exposure to Acidic and NaCl Stress

AU - Olesen, Inger

AU - Vogensen, Finn Kvist

AU - Jespersen, Lene

PY - 2009

Y1 - 2009

N2 - Gene transcription and virulence potential of two strains of Listeria monocytogenes, EGD-e and 4140, were compared by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction and in a Caco-2 in vitro model after exposure to acidic (pH 5.5) and NaCl (4.5% w=v) stress. Strain-dependent differences in gene transcription were observed both after exposure to shock (six genes) and after long-term adaptation to stress (18 genes). In the shock experiments, a transient induction of clpC and clpE was seen for both strains, while transient induction of sigB, inlA, and inlB was observed for strain 4140 only; actA was only induced in EGD-e after NaCl shock. The longterm stress experiments were included to imitate the stress conditions encountered by L. monocytogenes when present in food products. Long-term adaptation of EGD-e to acidic stress induced transcription of iap and repressed flaA, while genes related to stress response and invasion (clpC, clpP, inlA, inlB, prfA, and sigB) were induced in 4140. Long-term adaptation of EGD-e to NaCl stress increased transcription of genes important for the intracellular life cycle (actA, hly, iap, inlA, inlB, plcA, plcB, and prfA), while few changes were observed for 4140. Experiments with Caco-2 confirmed that long-term adaptation of EGD-e and 4140 to acidic and NaCl stress is capable of increasing the virulence potential: an improved adhesion to Caco-2 was observed for both EGD-e and 4140 after acidic and NaCl stress, and increased invasion was seen for both strains after long-term NaCl stress. The fact that several virulence genes were up-regulated and that adhesion and invasion properties were increased demonstrate that certain environmental conditions in food products might influence the virulence potential of L. monocytogenes.

AB - Gene transcription and virulence potential of two strains of Listeria monocytogenes, EGD-e and 4140, were compared by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction and in a Caco-2 in vitro model after exposure to acidic (pH 5.5) and NaCl (4.5% w=v) stress. Strain-dependent differences in gene transcription were observed both after exposure to shock (six genes) and after long-term adaptation to stress (18 genes). In the shock experiments, a transient induction of clpC and clpE was seen for both strains, while transient induction of sigB, inlA, and inlB was observed for strain 4140 only; actA was only induced in EGD-e after NaCl shock. The longterm stress experiments were included to imitate the stress conditions encountered by L. monocytogenes when present in food products. Long-term adaptation of EGD-e to acidic stress induced transcription of iap and repressed flaA, while genes related to stress response and invasion (clpC, clpP, inlA, inlB, prfA, and sigB) were induced in 4140. Long-term adaptation of EGD-e to NaCl stress increased transcription of genes important for the intracellular life cycle (actA, hly, iap, inlA, inlB, plcA, plcB, and prfA), while few changes were observed for 4140. Experiments with Caco-2 confirmed that long-term adaptation of EGD-e and 4140 to acidic and NaCl stress is capable of increasing the virulence potential: an improved adhesion to Caco-2 was observed for both EGD-e and 4140 after acidic and NaCl stress, and increased invasion was seen for both strains after long-term NaCl stress. The fact that several virulence genes were up-regulated and that adhesion and invasion properties were increased demonstrate that certain environmental conditions in food products might influence the virulence potential of L. monocytogenes.

KW - Former LIFE faculty

U2 - 10.1089/fpd.2008.0243

DO - 10.1089/fpd.2008.0243

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 19580450

VL - 6

SP - 669

EP - 680

JO - Foodborne Pathogens and Disease

JF - Foodborne Pathogens and Disease

SN - 1535-3141

IS - 6

ER -

ID: 15894114