Evaluation of changes in weed flora in arable fields of Nordic countries - based on danish long-term surveys

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Evaluation of changes in weed flora in arable fields of Nordic countries - based on danish long-term surveys. / Andreasen, Christian; Streibig, Jens Carl.

In: Weed Research, Vol. 51, No. 3, 2011, p. 214-226.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Andreasen, C & Streibig, JC 2011, 'Evaluation of changes in weed flora in arable fields of Nordic countries - based on danish long-term surveys', Weed Research, vol. 51, no. 3, pp. 214-226. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3180.2010.00836.x

APA

Andreasen, C., & Streibig, J. C. (2011). Evaluation of changes in weed flora in arable fields of Nordic countries - based on danish long-term surveys. Weed Research, 51(3), 214-226. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3180.2010.00836.x

Vancouver

Andreasen C, Streibig JC. Evaluation of changes in weed flora in arable fields of Nordic countries - based on danish long-term surveys. Weed Research. 2011;51(3):214-226. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3180.2010.00836.x

Author

Andreasen, Christian ; Streibig, Jens Carl. / Evaluation of changes in weed flora in arable fields of Nordic countries - based on danish long-term surveys. In: Weed Research. 2011 ; Vol. 51, No. 3. pp. 214-226.

Bibtex

@article{cbbcf4cc9ace44a0afba2c6679cebf02,
title = "Evaluation of changes in weed flora in arable fields of Nordic countries - based on danish long-term surveys",
abstract = "During the last 50 years, agricultural productivity has increased tremendously, as have changes in the weed flora. In several European countries, weed surveys have been conducted regularly, of which the most frequent and consistent ones are Danish surveys conducted in 1911–1915, 1945, 1960–1970, 1987–1989 and 2001–2004. The surveys were carried out on fields not sprayed with herbicide in the sampling year. On the basis of this frame of reference, we discuss the changes in the weed flora during this period and relate them to findings in other Nordic countries and review the role of different farming practices on the weed flora of the past. Numerous agronomic factors and political initiatives to protect the environment have operated in concert. During the last 30 years, winter-sown crops have increased by almost 70{\%}, at the expense of spring annual crops and grass leys, and this has favoured winter annual weed species. Maize is now widely grown and new weed species are invading arable land. Also, increased fertilisation levels over time have affected the weed flora. It is, however, obvious that herbicides play a major role in determining the composition, diversity and abundance of weed flora, although other factors such as mechanisation and the Common Agricultural Policy of the EU are also important. For the last 20 years, we have experienced an increase in some of the most frequent weed species without reductions in yield. This is probably due to governmental policies mandating lower herbicide efficacy goals for farmers, but it has been partly counteracted by genetic improvement of crops and better management",
keywords = "Former LIFE faculty, agroecology, biodiversity, intensive farming, national survey, Weed management, weed control, weed composition, agroecology, biodiversity, intensentive farming, national survey, weed management, weed control, weed composition",
author = "Christian Andreasen and Streibig, {Jens Carl}",
year = "2011",
doi = "10.1111/j.1365-3180.2010.00836.x",
language = "English",
volume = "51",
pages = "214--226",
journal = "Weed Research",
issn = "0043-1737",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Evaluation of changes in weed flora in arable fields of Nordic countries - based on danish long-term surveys

AU - Andreasen, Christian

AU - Streibig, Jens Carl

PY - 2011

Y1 - 2011

N2 - During the last 50 years, agricultural productivity has increased tremendously, as have changes in the weed flora. In several European countries, weed surveys have been conducted regularly, of which the most frequent and consistent ones are Danish surveys conducted in 1911–1915, 1945, 1960–1970, 1987–1989 and 2001–2004. The surveys were carried out on fields not sprayed with herbicide in the sampling year. On the basis of this frame of reference, we discuss the changes in the weed flora during this period and relate them to findings in other Nordic countries and review the role of different farming practices on the weed flora of the past. Numerous agronomic factors and political initiatives to protect the environment have operated in concert. During the last 30 years, winter-sown crops have increased by almost 70%, at the expense of spring annual crops and grass leys, and this has favoured winter annual weed species. Maize is now widely grown and new weed species are invading arable land. Also, increased fertilisation levels over time have affected the weed flora. It is, however, obvious that herbicides play a major role in determining the composition, diversity and abundance of weed flora, although other factors such as mechanisation and the Common Agricultural Policy of the EU are also important. For the last 20 years, we have experienced an increase in some of the most frequent weed species without reductions in yield. This is probably due to governmental policies mandating lower herbicide efficacy goals for farmers, but it has been partly counteracted by genetic improvement of crops and better management

AB - During the last 50 years, agricultural productivity has increased tremendously, as have changes in the weed flora. In several European countries, weed surveys have been conducted regularly, of which the most frequent and consistent ones are Danish surveys conducted in 1911–1915, 1945, 1960–1970, 1987–1989 and 2001–2004. The surveys were carried out on fields not sprayed with herbicide in the sampling year. On the basis of this frame of reference, we discuss the changes in the weed flora during this period and relate them to findings in other Nordic countries and review the role of different farming practices on the weed flora of the past. Numerous agronomic factors and political initiatives to protect the environment have operated in concert. During the last 30 years, winter-sown crops have increased by almost 70%, at the expense of spring annual crops and grass leys, and this has favoured winter annual weed species. Maize is now widely grown and new weed species are invading arable land. Also, increased fertilisation levels over time have affected the weed flora. It is, however, obvious that herbicides play a major role in determining the composition, diversity and abundance of weed flora, although other factors such as mechanisation and the Common Agricultural Policy of the EU are also important. For the last 20 years, we have experienced an increase in some of the most frequent weed species without reductions in yield. This is probably due to governmental policies mandating lower herbicide efficacy goals for farmers, but it has been partly counteracted by genetic improvement of crops and better management

KW - Former LIFE faculty

KW - agroecology

KW - biodiversity

KW - intensive farming

KW - national survey

KW - Weed management

KW - weed control

KW - weed composition

KW - agroecology

KW - biodiversity

KW - intensentive farming

KW - national survey

KW - weed management

KW - weed control

KW - weed composition

U2 - 10.1111/j.1365-3180.2010.00836.x

DO - 10.1111/j.1365-3180.2010.00836.x

M3 - Journal article

VL - 51

SP - 214

EP - 226

JO - Weed Research

JF - Weed Research

SN - 0043-1737

IS - 3

ER -

ID: 32311604