Building school-based social capital through 'We Act - Together for Health' - a quasi-experimental study

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Building school-based social capital through 'We Act - Together for Health' - a quasi-experimental study. / Stjernqvist, Nanna W; Sabinsky, Marianne; Morgan, Antony; Trolle, Ellen; Thyregod, Camilla; Maindal, Helle Terkildsen; Bonde, Ane H; Tetens, Inge.

In: B M C Public Health, Vol. 18, 1141, 2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Stjernqvist, NW, Sabinsky, M, Morgan, A, Trolle, E, Thyregod, C, Maindal, HT, Bonde, AH & Tetens, I 2018, 'Building school-based social capital through 'We Act - Together for Health' - a quasi-experimental study', B M C Public Health, vol. 18, 1141. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-018-6026-0

APA

Stjernqvist, N. W., Sabinsky, M., Morgan, A., Trolle, E., Thyregod, C., Maindal, H. T., ... Tetens, I. (2018). Building school-based social capital through 'We Act - Together for Health' - a quasi-experimental study. B M C Public Health, 18, [1141]. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-018-6026-0

Vancouver

Stjernqvist NW, Sabinsky M, Morgan A, Trolle E, Thyregod C, Maindal HT et al. Building school-based social capital through 'We Act - Together for Health' - a quasi-experimental study. B M C Public Health. 2018;18. 1141. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-018-6026-0

Author

Stjernqvist, Nanna W ; Sabinsky, Marianne ; Morgan, Antony ; Trolle, Ellen ; Thyregod, Camilla ; Maindal, Helle Terkildsen ; Bonde, Ane H ; Tetens, Inge. / Building school-based social capital through 'We Act - Together for Health' - a quasi-experimental study. In: B M C Public Health. 2018 ; Vol. 18.

Bibtex

@article{6a023bad30f64a38b6bdae002c6ebf2c,
title = "Building school-based social capital through 'We Act - Together for Health' - a quasi-experimental study",
abstract = "Background: Social capital has been found to be positively associated with various health and well-being outcomes amongst children. Less is known about how social capital may be generated and specifically in relation to children in the school setting. Drawing on the social cohesion approach and the democratic health educational methodology IVAC (Investigation - Vision - Action - Change) the aim of this study was to examine the effect of the Health Promoting School intervention 'We Act - Together for Health' on children's cognitive social capital.Method: A quasi-experimental controlled pre- and post-intervention study design was conducted with 548 participants (mean age 11.7 years). Cognitive social capital was measured as: horizontal social capital (trust and support in pupils); vertical social capital (trust and support in teachers); and a sense of belonging in the school using questions derived from the Health Behaviour in School Children study. A series of multilevel ordinal logistic regression analyses was performed for each outcome to estimate the effect of the intervention.Result: The analyses showed no overall significant effect from the intervention on horizontal social capital or vertical social capital at the six-month follow-up. A negative effect was found on the sense of belonging in the school. Gender and grade appeared to be important for horizontal social capital, while grade was important for sense of belonging in the school. The results are discussed in relation to We Act's implementation process, our conceptual framework and methodological issues and can be used to direct future research in the field.Conclusion: The study finds that child participation in health education can affect the children's sense of belonging in the school, though without sufficient management support, this may have a negative effect. With low implementation fidelity regarding the Action and Change dimension of the intervention at both the school and class level, and with measurement issues regarding the concept of social capital, more research is needed to establish a firm conclusion on the importance of the children's active participation as a source for cognitive social capital creation in the school setting.",
keywords = "Faculty of Science, Social capital, Sense of belonging, Children, School, Health promoting school, Intervention, Quasi-experimental design, Multi-level logistic regression",
author = "Stjernqvist, {Nanna W} and Marianne Sabinsky and Antony Morgan and Ellen Trolle and Camilla Thyregod and Maindal, {Helle Terkildsen} and Bonde, {Ane H} and Inge Tetens",
note = "CURIS 2018 NEXS 339 (Ekstern)",
year = "2018",
doi = "10.1186/s12889-018-6026-0",
language = "English",
volume = "18",
journal = "B M C Public Health",
issn = "1471-2458",
publisher = "BioMed Central Ltd.",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Building school-based social capital through 'We Act - Together for Health' - a quasi-experimental study

AU - Stjernqvist, Nanna W

AU - Sabinsky, Marianne

AU - Morgan, Antony

AU - Trolle, Ellen

AU - Thyregod, Camilla

AU - Maindal, Helle Terkildsen

AU - Bonde, Ane H

AU - Tetens, Inge

N1 - CURIS 2018 NEXS 339 (Ekstern)

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - Background: Social capital has been found to be positively associated with various health and well-being outcomes amongst children. Less is known about how social capital may be generated and specifically in relation to children in the school setting. Drawing on the social cohesion approach and the democratic health educational methodology IVAC (Investigation - Vision - Action - Change) the aim of this study was to examine the effect of the Health Promoting School intervention 'We Act - Together for Health' on children's cognitive social capital.Method: A quasi-experimental controlled pre- and post-intervention study design was conducted with 548 participants (mean age 11.7 years). Cognitive social capital was measured as: horizontal social capital (trust and support in pupils); vertical social capital (trust and support in teachers); and a sense of belonging in the school using questions derived from the Health Behaviour in School Children study. A series of multilevel ordinal logistic regression analyses was performed for each outcome to estimate the effect of the intervention.Result: The analyses showed no overall significant effect from the intervention on horizontal social capital or vertical social capital at the six-month follow-up. A negative effect was found on the sense of belonging in the school. Gender and grade appeared to be important for horizontal social capital, while grade was important for sense of belonging in the school. The results are discussed in relation to We Act's implementation process, our conceptual framework and methodological issues and can be used to direct future research in the field.Conclusion: The study finds that child participation in health education can affect the children's sense of belonging in the school, though without sufficient management support, this may have a negative effect. With low implementation fidelity regarding the Action and Change dimension of the intervention at both the school and class level, and with measurement issues regarding the concept of social capital, more research is needed to establish a firm conclusion on the importance of the children's active participation as a source for cognitive social capital creation in the school setting.

AB - Background: Social capital has been found to be positively associated with various health and well-being outcomes amongst children. Less is known about how social capital may be generated and specifically in relation to children in the school setting. Drawing on the social cohesion approach and the democratic health educational methodology IVAC (Investigation - Vision - Action - Change) the aim of this study was to examine the effect of the Health Promoting School intervention 'We Act - Together for Health' on children's cognitive social capital.Method: A quasi-experimental controlled pre- and post-intervention study design was conducted with 548 participants (mean age 11.7 years). Cognitive social capital was measured as: horizontal social capital (trust and support in pupils); vertical social capital (trust and support in teachers); and a sense of belonging in the school using questions derived from the Health Behaviour in School Children study. A series of multilevel ordinal logistic regression analyses was performed for each outcome to estimate the effect of the intervention.Result: The analyses showed no overall significant effect from the intervention on horizontal social capital or vertical social capital at the six-month follow-up. A negative effect was found on the sense of belonging in the school. Gender and grade appeared to be important for horizontal social capital, while grade was important for sense of belonging in the school. The results are discussed in relation to We Act's implementation process, our conceptual framework and methodological issues and can be used to direct future research in the field.Conclusion: The study finds that child participation in health education can affect the children's sense of belonging in the school, though without sufficient management support, this may have a negative effect. With low implementation fidelity regarding the Action and Change dimension of the intervention at both the school and class level, and with measurement issues regarding the concept of social capital, more research is needed to establish a firm conclusion on the importance of the children's active participation as a source for cognitive social capital creation in the school setting.

KW - Faculty of Science

KW - Social capital

KW - Sense of belonging

KW - Children

KW - School

KW - Health promoting school

KW - Intervention

KW - Quasi-experimental design

KW - Multi-level logistic regression

U2 - 10.1186/s12889-018-6026-0

DO - 10.1186/s12889-018-6026-0

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 30257663

VL - 18

JO - B M C Public Health

JF - B M C Public Health

SN - 1471-2458

M1 - 1141

ER -

ID: 203281081