Antimachus's Enigma On Erytheia, the Latvian Sun-goddess and a Red Fish

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  • Laura Massetti
In this paper I focus on a character named Erutheia (‘the red one’), who, according to Antimachus of Colophon, escorts Helios’s golden cup. I compare the characteristics and the role played by this figure with those of the Latvian Sun-goddess Saule, who is associated to the color red in various ways. In particular, in one Latvian Daina, it is a red fish, the rauda, which guides Saule’s vehicle. Therefore, I argue that the rauda fish, whose name is etymologically related to Greek Erutheia, has a similar role as that of Helios’s red guide. Finally, I compare the Latvian tradition about the solar fish with the iconography of the Danish razors from the Late Bronze Age, on which a fish escorts the Sun-boat between the end of the night and the beginning of the day.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Indo-European Studies
Issue number1&2
Pages (from-to)223–240
Publication statusPublished - 2019

    Research areas

  • Faculty of Humanities - myth, sun, sun-goddess, sun-god, Antimachus, Antimaco, Erutheia, Dainas, mythology, religion, Greek, Indo-European, poetics

ID: 229101319