Abduction and styles of scientific thinking

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Abduction and styles of scientific thinking. / Vitti Rodrigues, Mariana; Emmeche, Claus.

In: Synthese, 2020, p. 1-29.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Vitti Rodrigues, M & Emmeche, C 2020, 'Abduction and styles of scientific thinking', Synthese, pp. 1-29. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11229-019-02127-7

APA

Vitti Rodrigues, M., & Emmeche, C. (2020). Abduction and styles of scientific thinking. Synthese, 1-29. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11229-019-02127-7

Vancouver

Vitti Rodrigues M, Emmeche C. Abduction and styles of scientific thinking. Synthese. 2020;1-29. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11229-019-02127-7

Author

Vitti Rodrigues, Mariana ; Emmeche, Claus. / Abduction and styles of scientific thinking. In: Synthese. 2020 ; pp. 1-29.

Bibtex

@article{940e03203cde48fba43a307a6a41a788,
title = "Abduction and styles of scientific thinking",
abstract = "In philosophy of science, the literature on abduction and the literature on styles of thinking have existed almost totally in parallel. Here, for the first time, we bring them together and explore their mutual relevance. What is the consequence of the existence of several styles of scientific thinking for abduction? Can abduction, as a general creative mode of inference, have distinct characteristic forms within each style? To investigate this, firstly, we present the concept of abduction; secondly we analyze what is understood by styles of thinking; thirdly, we give some comments on abduction and styles of thinking by analyzing examples of scientific discovery or innovation within each style. We develop a case-based comparative investigation of creative aspects of abductive reasoning with examples drawn from different styles of scientific thinking and doing as understood by the Crombie/Hacking tradition. We argue that abduction, as a general mode of reasoning, can have a variety of specific expressions enabled and constrained by the styles of scientific thinking. Finally, we draw some conclusions on the relationship between abduction and styles of thinking suggesting that scientific discovery is a dynamical goal-directed activity within the scientific community that benefits from distinct styles of thinking and doing research.",
keywords = "Faculty of Science, discovery, Peirce (Charles S.), styles of thinking, Faculty of Humanities, abduction, Hacking (Ian), conceptual innovation, styles of reasoning",
author = "{Vitti Rodrigues}, Mariana and Claus Emmeche",
year = "2020",
doi = "10.1007/s11229-019-02127-7",
language = "English",
pages = "1--29",
journal = "Synthese",
issn = "0039-7857",
publisher = "Springer",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Abduction and styles of scientific thinking

AU - Vitti Rodrigues, Mariana

AU - Emmeche, Claus

PY - 2020

Y1 - 2020

N2 - In philosophy of science, the literature on abduction and the literature on styles of thinking have existed almost totally in parallel. Here, for the first time, we bring them together and explore their mutual relevance. What is the consequence of the existence of several styles of scientific thinking for abduction? Can abduction, as a general creative mode of inference, have distinct characteristic forms within each style? To investigate this, firstly, we present the concept of abduction; secondly we analyze what is understood by styles of thinking; thirdly, we give some comments on abduction and styles of thinking by analyzing examples of scientific discovery or innovation within each style. We develop a case-based comparative investigation of creative aspects of abductive reasoning with examples drawn from different styles of scientific thinking and doing as understood by the Crombie/Hacking tradition. We argue that abduction, as a general mode of reasoning, can have a variety of specific expressions enabled and constrained by the styles of scientific thinking. Finally, we draw some conclusions on the relationship between abduction and styles of thinking suggesting that scientific discovery is a dynamical goal-directed activity within the scientific community that benefits from distinct styles of thinking and doing research.

AB - In philosophy of science, the literature on abduction and the literature on styles of thinking have existed almost totally in parallel. Here, for the first time, we bring them together and explore their mutual relevance. What is the consequence of the existence of several styles of scientific thinking for abduction? Can abduction, as a general creative mode of inference, have distinct characteristic forms within each style? To investigate this, firstly, we present the concept of abduction; secondly we analyze what is understood by styles of thinking; thirdly, we give some comments on abduction and styles of thinking by analyzing examples of scientific discovery or innovation within each style. We develop a case-based comparative investigation of creative aspects of abductive reasoning with examples drawn from different styles of scientific thinking and doing as understood by the Crombie/Hacking tradition. We argue that abduction, as a general mode of reasoning, can have a variety of specific expressions enabled and constrained by the styles of scientific thinking. Finally, we draw some conclusions on the relationship between abduction and styles of thinking suggesting that scientific discovery is a dynamical goal-directed activity within the scientific community that benefits from distinct styles of thinking and doing research.

KW - Faculty of Science

KW - discovery

KW - Peirce (Charles S.)

KW - styles of thinking

KW - Faculty of Humanities

KW - abduction

KW - Hacking (Ian)

KW - conceptual innovation

KW - styles of reasoning

U2 - 10.1007/s11229-019-02127-7

DO - 10.1007/s11229-019-02127-7

M3 - Journal article

SP - 1

EP - 29

JO - Synthese

JF - Synthese

SN - 0039-7857

ER -

ID: 230304450