Low-moisture food matrices as probiotic carriers
Research output: Contribution to journal › Review › Research › peer-review
To exert a beneficial effect on the host, adequate doses of probiotics must be administered and maintaining their viability until consumption is thus essential. Dehydrated probiotics exhibit enhanced long-term viability and can be incorporated into low-moisture food matrices, which also possess high stability at refrigeration and ambient temperature. However, several factors associated with the desiccation process, the physicochemical properties of the matrix and the storage conditions can affect probiotic survival. In the near future, an increased demand for probiotics based on functionally dominant members of the gut microbiome ('next-generation probiotics', NGP) is expected. NGPs are very sensitive to oxygen and efficient encapsulation protocols are needed. Strategies to improve the viability of traditional probiotics and particularly of NGPs involve the selection of a suitable carrier as well as proper desiccation and protection techniques. Dehydrated probiotic microcapsules may constitute an alternative to improve the microbial viability during not only storage but also upper gastrointestinal tract passage. Here we review the main dehydration techniques that are applied in the industry as well as the potential stresses associated with the desiccation process and storage. Finally, low- or intermediate-moisture food matrices suitable as carriers of traditional as well as NGPs will be discussed.
|Journal||FEMS Microbiology Letters|
|Publication status||Published - 2019|