Biodiversity of aerobic endospore-forming bacterial species occurring in Yanyanku and Ikpiru, fermented seeds of Hibiscus sabdariffa used to produce food condiments in Benin

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  • Pélagie B. Agbobatinkpo
  • Line Thorsen
  • Nielsen, Dennis Sandris
  • Paulin Azokpota
  • Noèl Akissoe
  • Joseph D. Hounhouigan
  • Mogens Jakobsen
Yanyanku and Ikpiru made by the fermentation of Malcavene bean (Hibiscus sabdariffa) are used as functional additives for Parkia biglobosa seed fermentations in Benin. A total of 355 aerobic endospore-forming bacteria (AEFB) isolated from Yanyanku and Ikpiru produced in northern and southern Benin were identified using phenotypic and genotypic methods, including GTG5-PCR, M13-PCR, 16S rRNA, gyrA and gyrB gene sequencing. Generally, the same 5-6 species of the genus Bacillus predominated: Bacillus subtilis (17-41% of isolates), Bacillus cereus (8-39%), Bacillus amyloliquefaciens (9-22%), Bacillus licheniformis (3-26%), Bacillus safensis (8-19%) and Bacillus altitudinis (0-19%). Bacillus aryabhattai, Bacillus flexus, and Bacillus circulans (0-2%), and species of the genera Lysinibacillus (0-14%), Paenibacillus (0-13%), Brevibacillus (0-4%), and Aneurinibacillus (0-3%) occurred sporadically. The diarrheal toxin encoding genes cytK-1, cytK-2, hblA, hblC, and hblD were present in 0%, 91% 15%, 34% and 35% of B. cereus isolates, respectively. 9% of them harbored the emetic toxin genetic determinant, cesB. This study is the first to identify the AEFB of Yanyanku and Ikpiru to species level and perform a safety evaluation based on toxin gene detections. We further suggest, that the gyrA gene can be used for differentiating the closely related species Bacillus pumilus and B. safensis.
Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Food Microbiology
Issue number2-3
Pages (from-to)231-238
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 2013

    Research areas

  • Aerobiosis, Bacteria, Bacterial Load, Benin, Biodiversity, Condiments, Fermentation, Genes, Bacterial, Genotype, Hibiscus, Hydrogen-Ion Concentration, Phylogeny, RNA, Ribosomal, 16S, Seeds

ID: 97154490