Effect of Infrared Blanching on Enzyme Activity and Retention of β-Carotene and Vitamin C in Dried Mango

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Effect of Infrared Blanching on Enzyme Activity and Retention of β-Carotene and Vitamin C in Dried Mango. / Guiamba, Isabel R.F.; Svanberg, Ulf; Ahrné, Lilia.

I: Journal of Food Science, Bind 80, Nr. 6, 2015, s. E1235-E1242.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Guiamba, IRF, Svanberg, U & Ahrné, L 2015, 'Effect of Infrared Blanching on Enzyme Activity and Retention of β-Carotene and Vitamin C in Dried Mango', Journal of Food Science, bind 80, nr. 6, s. E1235-E1242. https://doi.org/10.1111/1750-3841.12866

APA

Guiamba, I. R. F., Svanberg, U., & Ahrné, L. (2015). Effect of Infrared Blanching on Enzyme Activity and Retention of β-Carotene and Vitamin C in Dried Mango. Journal of Food Science, 80(6), E1235-E1242. https://doi.org/10.1111/1750-3841.12866

Vancouver

Guiamba IRF, Svanberg U, Ahrné L. Effect of Infrared Blanching on Enzyme Activity and Retention of β-Carotene and Vitamin C in Dried Mango. Journal of Food Science. 2015;80(6):E1235-E1242. https://doi.org/10.1111/1750-3841.12866

Author

Guiamba, Isabel R.F. ; Svanberg, Ulf ; Ahrné, Lilia. / Effect of Infrared Blanching on Enzyme Activity and Retention of β-Carotene and Vitamin C in Dried Mango. I: Journal of Food Science. 2015 ; Bind 80, Nr. 6. s. E1235-E1242.

Bibtex

@article{e9de3b002332425e99ee689900a28666,
title = "Effect of Infrared Blanching on Enzyme Activity and Retention of β-Carotene and Vitamin C in Dried Mango",
abstract = "The objectives of this work were to evaluate infrared (IR) dry blanching in comparison with conventional water blanching prior to hot air drying of mango to inactivate polyphenol oxidase (PPO) and ascorbic acid oxidase (AAO) enzymes, and to study its effect on color change and retention of vitamin C and β-carotene. Mango cylinders were blanched under similar temperature-time conditions either by IR heating or by immersion in a water bath during 2 min at 90 °C (high-temperature-short-time-HTST) or for 10 min at 65 °C (low-temperature-long-time-LTLT). After blanching mango was hot air dried at 70 °C. PPO was completely inactivated during the blanching treatments, but AAO had a moderate remaining activity after LTLT treatment (~30{\%}) and a low remaining activity after HTST treatment (9{\%} to 15{\%}). A higher retention of vitamin C was observed in mango subjected to IR dry blanching, 88.3 ± 1.0{\%} (HTST) and 69.2 ± 2.9{\%} (LTLT), compared with water blanching, 61.4 ± 5.3{\%} (HTST) and 50.7 ± 9.6{\%} (LTLT). All-trans-β-carotene retention was significantly higher in water blanched dried mango, 93.2 ± 5.2{\%} (LTLT) and 91.4 ± 5.1{\%} (HTST), compared with IR dry blanched, 73.6 ± 3.6{\%} (LTLT) and 76.9 ± 2.9{\%} (HTST). Increased levels of 13-cis-β-carotene isomer were detected only in IR dry blanched mango, and the corresponding dried mango also had a slightly darker color. IR blanching of mango prior to drying can improve the retention of vitamin C, but not the retention of carotenoids, which showed to be more dependent on the temperature than the blanching process. A reduction of drying time was observed in LTLT IR-blanching mango.",
keywords = "Ascorbic acid oxidase, Infrared heating, Polyphenol oxidase, Vitamin C, β-carotene",
author = "Guiamba, {Isabel R.F.} and Ulf Svanberg and Lilia Ahrn{\'e}",
year = "2015",
doi = "10.1111/1750-3841.12866",
language = "English",
volume = "80",
pages = "E1235--E1242",
journal = "Journal of Food Science",
issn = "0022-1147",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "6",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effect of Infrared Blanching on Enzyme Activity and Retention of β-Carotene and Vitamin C in Dried Mango

AU - Guiamba, Isabel R.F.

AU - Svanberg, Ulf

AU - Ahrné, Lilia

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - The objectives of this work were to evaluate infrared (IR) dry blanching in comparison with conventional water blanching prior to hot air drying of mango to inactivate polyphenol oxidase (PPO) and ascorbic acid oxidase (AAO) enzymes, and to study its effect on color change and retention of vitamin C and β-carotene. Mango cylinders were blanched under similar temperature-time conditions either by IR heating or by immersion in a water bath during 2 min at 90 °C (high-temperature-short-time-HTST) or for 10 min at 65 °C (low-temperature-long-time-LTLT). After blanching mango was hot air dried at 70 °C. PPO was completely inactivated during the blanching treatments, but AAO had a moderate remaining activity after LTLT treatment (~30%) and a low remaining activity after HTST treatment (9% to 15%). A higher retention of vitamin C was observed in mango subjected to IR dry blanching, 88.3 ± 1.0% (HTST) and 69.2 ± 2.9% (LTLT), compared with water blanching, 61.4 ± 5.3% (HTST) and 50.7 ± 9.6% (LTLT). All-trans-β-carotene retention was significantly higher in water blanched dried mango, 93.2 ± 5.2% (LTLT) and 91.4 ± 5.1% (HTST), compared with IR dry blanched, 73.6 ± 3.6% (LTLT) and 76.9 ± 2.9% (HTST). Increased levels of 13-cis-β-carotene isomer were detected only in IR dry blanched mango, and the corresponding dried mango also had a slightly darker color. IR blanching of mango prior to drying can improve the retention of vitamin C, but not the retention of carotenoids, which showed to be more dependent on the temperature than the blanching process. A reduction of drying time was observed in LTLT IR-blanching mango.

AB - The objectives of this work were to evaluate infrared (IR) dry blanching in comparison with conventional water blanching prior to hot air drying of mango to inactivate polyphenol oxidase (PPO) and ascorbic acid oxidase (AAO) enzymes, and to study its effect on color change and retention of vitamin C and β-carotene. Mango cylinders were blanched under similar temperature-time conditions either by IR heating or by immersion in a water bath during 2 min at 90 °C (high-temperature-short-time-HTST) or for 10 min at 65 °C (low-temperature-long-time-LTLT). After blanching mango was hot air dried at 70 °C. PPO was completely inactivated during the blanching treatments, but AAO had a moderate remaining activity after LTLT treatment (~30%) and a low remaining activity after HTST treatment (9% to 15%). A higher retention of vitamin C was observed in mango subjected to IR dry blanching, 88.3 ± 1.0% (HTST) and 69.2 ± 2.9% (LTLT), compared with water blanching, 61.4 ± 5.3% (HTST) and 50.7 ± 9.6% (LTLT). All-trans-β-carotene retention was significantly higher in water blanched dried mango, 93.2 ± 5.2% (LTLT) and 91.4 ± 5.1% (HTST), compared with IR dry blanched, 73.6 ± 3.6% (LTLT) and 76.9 ± 2.9% (HTST). Increased levels of 13-cis-β-carotene isomer were detected only in IR dry blanched mango, and the corresponding dried mango also had a slightly darker color. IR blanching of mango prior to drying can improve the retention of vitamin C, but not the retention of carotenoids, which showed to be more dependent on the temperature than the blanching process. A reduction of drying time was observed in LTLT IR-blanching mango.

KW - Ascorbic acid oxidase

KW - Infrared heating

KW - Polyphenol oxidase

KW - Vitamin C

KW - β-carotene

U2 - 10.1111/1750-3841.12866

DO - 10.1111/1750-3841.12866

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 25922150

AN - SCOPUS:84930928496

VL - 80

SP - E1235-E1242

JO - Journal of Food Science

JF - Journal of Food Science

SN - 0022-1147

IS - 6

ER -

ID: 202131422